If you are convicted of a felony crime of violence, you will be prohibited from owning or possessing a firearm for a period of ten years after you have completed all terms of probation. Felony convictions for other crimes, such as drug related offense, also trigger a firearms ban. Moreover, a judge can order a defendant to relinquish ownership or possession of firearms if convicted of certain misdemeanors. If you are convicted of a misdemeanor fifth degree domestic assault, by operation of federal law, you will never be able to possess a firearm unless your conviction is expunged or you are able get relief from the ATF. If firearms possession and hunting are important to you, you should be very careful about pleading guilty any crime, including misdemeanors, that involve elements of violence or controlled substances.